Sex & Relationships Policy & Curriculum delivery
Effective sex and relationship education is essential if young people are to make responsible and well informed decisions about their lives. The objective for sex and relationship education is to help and support young people through their physical, emotional and moral development. It is our aim to help our pupils to learn to respect themselves and others and move with confidence from childhood through adolescence into adulthood. East Wittering Community Primary School offers a sex and relationship education programme that is tailored to the age and the physical and emotional maturity of the children. The programme will not be delivered in isolation but will be encompassed within Key Stages 1 and 2 of the National Science Curriculum and also the PSHE & Citizenship framework. This will take the form of answering questions appropriately to younger children, a study of changes of the human life cycle e.g. growing older, puberty, how a baby is born, culminating in a formal programme of instruction for Year 5.
The Governors believe that sex and relationship education is important because:
- if children are not provided with correct information they will invent their own answers or become confused
- sex and relationship education plays a part in correcting any misinformation young children pick up
- parents generally want schools to provide sex and relationship education for their children
- children do need a well planned programme of relationship education to focus upon friendship, bullying and the building of self-esteem
- sex and relationship education can help protect children from exploitation and sexual abuse
- all children need to know about puberty before they experience the onset of physical changes
- individuals should be in charge of and responsible for their own bodies
- research shows that sex and relationship education delays sexual activity
· to provide an understanding that positive, caring environments are essential for the development of a good self esteem and that individuals are in charge of and responsible for their own bodies
- to help pupils to develop skills to understand differences and respect themselves and each other
- to help pupils to develop skills for the purpose of preventing and removing prejudice
- to help young people to learn to respect themselves and others
- to learn about the significance of stable relationships as key building blocks of society
- to provide accurate information about the process of reproduction and the nature of sexuality in the context of a caring, loving family
- to encourage the acquisition of skills and attitudes that allow pupils to manage their relationships in a responsible and healthy manner
- to prepare the children for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of adult life
- to move with confidence from childhood through adolescence and into adulthood
- to promote the spiritual, moral, cultural, mental and physical development of children at the school
The sex and relationship education programme at East Wittering will provide information that is accurate, easy to understand, relevant and appropriate to the age and maturity of the child. The personal beliefs and attitudes of teachers will not influence the teaching of sex and relationship education within the PSHE framework. Teachers and those contributing to sex and relationship education are expected to work within an agreed values framework as described in the school’s policy, which is in line with current legislation.
Teachers will use their professional judgment in deciding how to respond to children’s questions. At all times correct terminology shall be used. Teaching methods will take account of the age, maturity and physical development of the children and in some cases discussion on a one-to-one basis or in small groups may be preferable to whole class teaching. Staff will receive training in the teaching of sex and relationship education via attendance at courses and/or through our School Nurse.
Sex and relationship education is taught from Years R – 6 as outlined in the PSHE & Citizenship overview complementing National Curriculum Science AT2. In Years 5 and 6 pupils will follow a detailed programme written in consultation with the local authority and the school nurse. This programme will support the children's on-going emotional and physical development and will cover:
- changes in the body relating to puberty, such as periods and voice breaking
- when these changes are likely to happen
- issues that may cause young people anxiety and how they can deal with them
- how a baby is conceived and born
Year 5 and 6 parents will be invited to school to discuss the programme and view the materials that will be used. The Year 5 and 6 teacher(s) and the School Nurse will teach the programme. Governors acknowledge the right of parents to withdraw their children from all or part of the sex and relationship education provided at the school except for those parts included in the statutory National Curriculum (see appendix). In the case of a child being withdrawn, the school will make alternative arrangements for that child.
It is essential that we help our children develop confidence in talking, listening and thinking about sex and relationships; as adults we may need to overcome anxieties and embarrassment to do this effectively. The following teaching strategies can help:
- establish ground rules with the pupils
- use ‘distancing’ techniques
- know how to deal with unexpected questions or comments from pupils
- use discussion and appropriate materials
- encourage reflection
- no one (teacher or pupil) will have to answer a personal question
- no one will be forced to take part in a discussion
- only the correct names for body parts will be used
- meanings of words will be explained in a sensible and factual way
The school will ensure that pupils and parents are aware of the policy for confidentiality. If, through discussion or disclosure, there is any possibility of abuse, staff will follow the school's child protection procedure.
- the pupils’ best interests will be maintained
- the children will be encouraged to talk to their parents
- teachers cannot offer unconditional confidentiality
- if confidentiality has to be broken, the pupil will be informed first and then supported appropriately
- the children will be informed of sources of confidential help
- ground rules in lessons will be established
Monitoring and Evaluation
Feedback from parents, teachers and children will be taken into account when this policy is reviewed. The programme’s success will be judged by the following criteria:
- well-informed children, who leave East Wittering with a healthy, mature attitude to sex and relationship education
- 100% parental consent to include their child in the sex and relationship education programme
- approval of relevant inspectors/advisors as to the content of the programme
This policy will be reviewed annually. The Governing Body agreed the policy on
Chair of Governors
National Curriculum Science
Key Stage 1
- To know that animals including humans, move, feed, grow, use their senses and reproduce.
- To recognise and compare the main external parts of the bodies of humans.
- To know that humans and animals can produce offspring and these grow into adults.
- To recognise similarities and differences between themselves and others and treat others with sensitivity.
Key Stage 2
- To know that the life processes common to humans and other animals include nutrition, growing and reproduction.
- To know about the main stages of the human life cycle.